For example, at Pensacola Christian College , female students may only wear trousers or shorts for "recreational purposes" only. As in Europe, a wide variety of styles came to define regions, time periods and age and gender groups, from the unlined gouei to the padded sombaji.
Breeches were worn instead of trousers in early modern Europe by some men in higher classes of society. Distinctive formal trousers are traditionally worn with formal and semi-formal day attire. Since the midth century, trousers have increasingly been worn by women as well. Jeans , made of denim, are a form of trousers for casual wear, named after the Italian city of Genoa , now widely worn all over the world by both sexes. Shorts are often preferred in hot weather or for some sports and also often by children and adolescents.
Trousers are worn on the hips or waist and may be held up by their own fastenings, a belt or suspenders braces. In Scotland , trousers are occasionally known as trews , which is the historic root of the word trousers. Trousers are also known as breeks in Scots , a word related to breeches. The item of clothing worn under trousers is underpants. In North America, Australia, South Africa and Northern England pants is the general category term, whereas trousers sometimes slacks in Australia and the United States often refers more specifically to tailored garments with a waistband, belt -loops, and a fly -front.
So informal elastic-waist knitted garments would be called pants , but not trousers or slacks. North Americans call undergarments underwear , underpants , undies , jockey shorts , shorts , long johns or panties the last are women's garments specifically to distinguish them from other pants that are worn on the outside. The term drawers normally refers to undergarments, but in some dialects, may be found as a synonym for "breeches", that is, trousers. In these dialects, the term underdrawers is used for undergarments.
Many North Americans refer to their undergarments by their type, such as boxers or briefs. In Australia , men's underwear also has various informal terms including under-dacks , undies , dacks or jocks. In New Zealand men's underwear is known as undies , or y-fronts.
Various people in the fashion industry use the words trouser or pant instead of trousers or pants. This is nonstandard usage. The words trousers and pants are pluralia tantum , nouns that generally only appear in plural form—much like the words scissors and tongs.
However, the singular form is used in some compound words, such as trouser-leg , trouser-press and trouser-bottoms. Jeans are trousers typically made from denim or dungaree cloth. Skin-tight leggings are commonly referred to as tights. There is some evidence, from figurative art , of trousers being worn in the Upper Paleolithic , as seen on the figurines found at the Siberian sites of Mal'ta and Buret'. Trousers enter recorded history in the 6th century BC, on the rock carvings and artworks of Persepolis ,  and with the appearance of horse-riding Eurasian nomads in Greek ethnography.
At this time, the Iranian People such as Scythians , Sarmatians , Sogdians and Bactrians among others, along with Armenians and Eastern and Central Asian peoples such as the Xiongnu and Hunnu , are known to have worn trousers. Republican Rome viewed the draped clothing of Greek and Minoan Cretan culture as an emblem of civilisation and disdained trousers as the mark of barbarians. Feminalia and Braccae both began use as military garments, spreading to civilian dress later, and were eventually made in a variety of materials including leather, wool, cotton and silk.
Trousers of various designs were worn throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, especially by men. Loose-fitting trousers were worn in Byzantium under long tunics ,  and were worn by many tribes, such as the Germanic tribes that migrated to Western Roman Empire in the Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages , as evidenced by both artistic sources and such relics as the 4th-century costumes recovered from the Thorsberg peat bog see illustration.
By the 8th century there is evidence of the wearing in Europe of two layers of trousers, especially among upper-class males. Over the drawers were worn trousers of wool or linen, which in the 10th century began to be referred to as breeches in many places.
Tightness of fit and length of leg varied by period, class, and geography. Open legged trousers can be seen on the Norman soldiers of the Bayeux Tapestry. Although Charlemagne — is recorded to have habitually worn trousers, donning the Byzantine tunic only for ceremonial occasions,   the influence of the Roman past and the example of Byzantium led to the increasing use of long tunics by men, hiding most of the trousers from view and eventually rendering them an undergarment for many.
As undergarments, these trousers became briefer or longer as the length of the various medieval outer garments changed, and were met by, and usually attached to, another garment variously called hose or stockings.
In the 14th century it became common among the men of the noble and knightly classes to connect the hose directly to their pourpoints  the padded under jacket worn with armoured breastplates that would later evolve into the doublet rather than to their drawers. In the 15th century, rising hemlines led to ever briefer drawers  until they were dispensed with altogether by the most fashionable elites who joined their skin-tight hose back into trousers.
Men's clothes in Hungary in the 15th century consisted of a shirt and trousers as underwear, and a dolman worn over them, as well as a short fur-lined or sheepskin coat. Hungarians generally wore simple trousers, only their colour being unusual; the dolman covered the greater part of the trousers.
Around the turn of the 16th century it became conventional to separate hose into two pieces, one from the waist to the crotch which fastened around the top of the legs, called trunk hose, and the other running beneath it to the foot.
The trunk hose soon reached down the thigh to fasten below the knee and were now usually called " breeches " to distinguish them from the lower-leg coverings still called hose or, sometimes stockings. By the end of the 16th century, the codpiece had also been incorporated into breeches which featured a fly or fall front opening. As a modernisation measure, Tsar Peter the Great of Russia issued a decree in commanding every Russian man, other than clergy and peasant farmers, to wear trousers.
During the French Revolution of and following, male citizens of France adopted a working-class costume including ankle-length trousers, or pantaloons named from a Commedia dell'Arte character named Pantalone  in place of the aristocratic knee-breeches culottes.
The new garment of the revolutionaries differed from that of the ancien regime upper classes in three ways:. Pantaloons became fashionable in early 19th-century England and the Regency era. The style was introduced by Beau Brummell    and by mid-century had supplanted breeches as fashionable street-wear.
Breeches proper survived into the 20th century as court dress , and also in baggy mid- calf or three-quarter length versions known as plus-fours or knickers worn for active sports and by young schoolboys. Types of breeches are still worn today by baseball and American football players, and by equestrians.
Sailors may [ original research? In the 17th and 18th centuries, sailors wore baggy trousers known as galligaskins.
Sailors also pioneered the wearing of jeans - trousers made of denim. Starting around the midth century, Wigan pit-brow girls scandalised Victorian society by wearing trousers for their work at the local coal mines. They wore skirts over their trousers and rolled them up to their waists to keep them out of the way. Although pit-brow lasses worked above ground at the pit-head, their task of sorting and shovelling coal involved hard manual labour, so wearing the usual long skirts of the time would have greatly hindered their movements.
The Korean word for trousers, baji originally pajibaji first appears in recorded history around the turn of the 15th century, but pants may have been in use by Korean society for some time. From at least this time pants were worn by both sexes in Korea. Men wore trousers either as outer garments or beneath skirts, while it was unusual for adult women to wear their pants termed sokgot without a covering skirt. As in Europe, a wide variety of styles came to define regions, time periods and age and gender groups, from the unlined gouei to the padded sombaji.
In Western society, it was Eastern culture that inspired French designer Paul Poiret — to be one of the first to design pants for women.
In , Poiret created loose-fitting, wide-leg trousers for women called harem pants, which were based on the costumes of the popular opera Sheherazade. In the early 20th century women air pilots and other working women often wore trousers. Frequent photographs from the s of actresses Marlene Dietrich and Katharine Hepburn in trousers helped make trousers acceptable for women.
During World War II , women working in factories and doing other forms of "men's work" on war service wore trousers when the work demanded it. In the post-war era, trousers became acceptable casual wear for gardening, the beach, and other leisurely pursuits. Further, in Britain during World War II, because of the rationing of clothing, many women took to wearing their husbands' civilian clothes, including their trousers, to work while their husbands were away from home serving in the armed forces.
This was partly because they were seen as practical workwear and partly to allow women to keep their clothing allowance for other uses. As this practice of wearing trousers became more widespread and as the men's clothing wore out, replacements were needed. By the summer of , it was reported that sales of women's trousers were five times more than they had been in the previous year. In , Luisa Capetillo challenged mainstream society by becoming the first woman in Puerto Rico to wear trousers in public.
Capetillo was sent to jail for what was then considered to be a crime, but, the judge later dropped the charges against her. In the s, André Courrèges introduced long trousers for women as a fashion item, leading to the era of the pantsuit and designer jeans and the gradual erosion of social prohibitions against girls and women wearing trousers in schools, the workplace and in fine restaurants.
Pat Nixon was the first American First Lady to wear trousers in public. In , California state senator Rebecca Morgan became the first woman to wear trousers in a US state senate. Hillary Clinton was the first woman to wear trousers in an official American First Lady portrait. In Rome in , a year-old driving instructor was accused of rape. When he picked up an year-old girl for her first driving lesson, he allegedly raped her for an hour, then told her that if she was to tell anyone he would kill her.
Later that night she told her parents and her parents agreed to help her press charges. While the alleged rapist was convicted and sentenced, the Italian Supreme Court overturned the conviction in because the victim wore tight jeans. It was argued that she must have necessarily have had to help her attacker remove her jeans, thus making the act consensual "because the victim wore very, very tight jeans, she had to help him remove them An Alibi for Rape.
As of at least 20 U. Wearing jeans on this day has become an international symbol of protest. As of the Italian Supreme Court has overturned their findings, and there is no longer a "denim" defense to the charge of rape. Women were not allowed to wear trousers on the US Senate floor until In Malawi women were not legally allowed to wear trousers under President Kamuzu Banda 's rule until Since the International Skating Union has allowed women to wear trousers instead of skirts in competition.
In the Royal Canadian Mounted Police began to allow women to wear trousers and boots with all their formal uniforms. In and , some Mormon women participated in "Wear Pants to Church Day", in which they wore trousers to church instead of the customary dresses to encourage gender equality within The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In , Turkey's parliament ended a ban on women lawmakers wearing trousers in its assembly. Also in , an old bylaw requiring women in Paris, France to ask permission from city authorities before "dressing as men", including wearing trousers with exceptions for those "holding a bicycle handlebar or the reins of a horse" was declared officially revoked by France's Women's Rights Minister, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem.
In , an Indian family court in Mumbai ruled that a husband objecting to his wife wearing a kurta and jeans and forcing her to wear a sari amounts to cruelty inflicted by the husband and can be a ground to seek divorce. In , The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced that its female employees could wear "professional pantsuits and dress slacks" while at work; dresses and skirts had previously been required. Pleats just below the waistband on the front typify many styles of formal and casual trousers, including suit trousers and khakis.
There may be one, two, three, or no pleats, which may face either direction. When the pleats open towards the pockets they are called reverse pleats typical of most trousers today and when they open toward the fly they are known as forward pleats. Trouser-makers can finish the legs by hemming the bottom to prevent fraying.
The real question that keeps popping up is the definition of "slacks". It is a word that was used in the US clothing trade to describe what might be called "dress pants" in the US: This garment could be khakis, gabardine, some kind of cloth that holds a crease.
I wouldn't imagine flannel trousers being called slacks, as they do not hold a crease. But that's just a personal impression. Think of a man's suit, the type of cloth; now imagine just the trousers, and that there is no matching jacket: Trousers is generally a term for pants that have a matching jacket, though the term "pants" is used as well.
Slacks, as I said above, are "dressy" without being formal, and do not have a matching jacket. Jeans, on the other hand, are jeans. Denim riveted if truly authentic, exterior back pockets Although garments can be cut like jeans, sewn like jeans and styled like jeans, if they are not made of cotton denim, they are not truly jeans. One final note on "slacks" That's one for a German linguist to pursue. The usage of the words "slacks" and "pants" to mean the same thing as the word trousers, seems to be from American English.
I have heard these used by Americans. I have not heard those words used by British people. This page lists the word "slacks" as another word for pants in the trousers meaning: Where we would call trousers as formal long pants.
Trousers are smart and formal, you would not call the lower half of your addias track suit "jogging trousers". If its raining I put on waterproof pants. Seems to depend on where you are from in the U. Blue jeans don't fit this word. Pants is a universal term.
You subdivide, by using slacks etc. A garment worn by men and boys, extending from the waist to the knee or to the ankle, and covering each leg separately. Trousers or "pants" can either be synonymous with pants or have a more formal connotation. Therefore, all trousers are pants, but not vice-versa: This definition is consistent with other languages such as the Spanish pantalones, which is contrasted with pantalones cortos shorts, or literally "short pants".
I have always thought of trousers as part of a suit or uniform. Slacks look the same as suit trousers because they are made of more formal material, but are purchased separately. They would be worn alone or with a sportcoat. Pants are everything else, corderoys, chinos, jeans, and other less formal styles.
In UK English, Slacks are trousers worn by women. This is by contrast with the other form of similar leg covering garment worn by women: Trousers usually implies that the wearer is male. In UK English, pants is a less formal word for trousers. It doesn't usually mean underpants , although if you wet your pants , I suppose this might mean underpants.
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Tim 4, 51 Added AmE tag because to me "pants" definitely does not mean the same as "trousers"! More important to me than the reference of each of these word is the users. In decades of life as a native English speaker, living in multiple countries that speak English, I don't think I've ever heard anyone outside of those three categories use those two words. My mom talks about "slacks" and "trousers". I just call everything "pants" and I'm done with it.
It's all pants all the way. In my experience in American English, "trousers" is seldom used unless it is an affectation of some kind. Tim In British English, "pants" is short for "underpants. An excert from here: Daniel 3 7. Isn't it neat how usage varies?
Personally, I would call suit pants slacks if worn without the jacket I've never heard suit pants called slacks. What part of the US do you live in? Brandon I generally wouldn't say slacks as the term is more of an occasional term used by my elders But if I did I would only mean suit pants in the sense of the kind of pants that may be paired with a suit jacket. For your information, I was raised in a suburb of Chicago. As I understand "suit", the jacket and pants always come together.
If you pair the jacket with pants of a non-identical material, then it's not a suit again, as I've always heard the term used, and had it explained to me when I've asked for fashion advice. FumbleFingers k 30 Google does something curious if you search for "men's slacks". In the UK, pants just means what Americans call underpants. I'm surprised by your mention of "slacks". I haven't heard that word used in the UK, at all. It seems to be an American English word.
I saw two peaks in AmE and no hits at all in BrE.
Jun 14, · The main difference between trousers and pants is that the word trouser is commonly used in the UK whereas the word pants is commonly used in America. It is also important to note that in the UK, pants refer to undergarments. Pants were meant to be worn in private while in public, men used to cover pants with another piece of clothing called trousers. Trousers are long and relaxed, and they cover a greater portion of men’s body down from hip to just above the feet. Difference Between Trousers and Pants British. Trousers is an outer garment covering the body from the waist to the ankles, with a separate part for each leg. Pants is a term for underwear or knickers. American. Trouser is a tailored garment with a waistband, buttoned loopholes and a fly front.